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Industrial development has largely contributed to the rising challenge of waste management. Refuse disposal is a major concern in sub urban and rural areas. Industrial waste contributes to the spread of many illnesses and thus proper disposal is a vital aspect of living in a healthy and infection free environment. However, getting rid of company refuse is not an easy process. Just like any other operational activity, refuse disposal methods are varied and multifaceted. Before using any method, it is important for any industry to evaluate and determine the most important criteria for their refuse disposal.

Refuse disposal is either placing waste in water or onto land. This is done depending on the type of waste, either solid or liquid waste. Solid waste is disposed by placing it on land in a landfill, while liquid waste is disposed by injecting it in wells that burry the effluent deep under the ground. As mentioned earlier, there are many systems in place for proper waste management. Here are some few refuse disposal methods that can help bring waste disposal under control.

Landfill
Among the many refuse management methods, the use of landfill is probably the most implemented in many parts of the world. It is considered the most cost effective method of waste management, but requires huge tracts of land. A common area designated for this purpose is an abandoned excavation site or an old mining area. Industrial and residential waste is collected and transported to the landfills where it is covered in thin layers soil and then compacted. More layers of garbage are then added over time. This disposal method can cause a number of unpleasant environmental impacts such as water pollution, gas and windblown litter.

Incineration or thermal treatment
Incineration is the second largest method for refuse disposal. At times it's referred to as thermal treatment since it involves burning of waste materials and converting them into heat, steam, gas and ash. Sometimes this method is controversial due to the issues of evident harmful gaseous emissions. Nonetheless, it is considered to be a highly effective method of disposing certain hazardous waste. One benefit of using this disposal method is that it reduces the usage of land significantly. A thermal treatment facility can be built on a small piece of land thus saving a lot of space - this comes in handy especially where space is limited.

Recycling
Recycling plays a crucial role in waste disposal. It is a practice that involves the collection and reuse of waste materials. The practice is a modern concept of waste management philosophy that eliminates the need to use other garbage disposal methods. The recycling process offers a waste management solution that generates clean, renewable energy. It's an eco-friendly disposal option that industries should consider putting into practice.

The future of waste
These are but a few refuse disposal methods. There are other complex methods that are being used today to get rid of waste. But currently, the most effective way to minimize the amount of industrial and residential waste is to prevent its formation. Industries should optimize their strategies to avoid production of unnecessary waste and focus more on the manufacture of recycled products. This is the only way to provide a good environment for healthy living.


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