Industrial development has largely contributed to the rising challenge of waste
management. Refuse disposal is a major concern in sub urban and rural areas.
Industrial waste contributes to the spread of many illnesses and thus proper
disposal is a vital aspect of living in a healthy and infection free
environment. However, getting rid of company refuse is not an easy process. Just
like any other operational activity, refuse disposal methods are varied and
multifaceted. Before using any method, it is important for any industry to
evaluate and determine the most important criteria for their refuse disposal.
Refuse disposal is either placing waste in water or onto land. This is done
depending on the type of waste, either solid or liquid waste. Solid waste is
disposed by placing it on land in a landfill, while liquid waste is disposed by
injecting it in wells that burry the effluent deep under the ground. As
mentioned earlier, there are many systems in place for proper waste management.
Here are some few refuse disposal methods that can help bring waste disposal
Among the many refuse management methods, the use of landfill is probably the
most implemented in many parts of the world. It is considered the most cost
effective method of waste management, but requires huge tracts of land. A common
area designated for this purpose is an abandoned excavation site or an old
mining area. Industrial and residential waste is collected and transported to
the landfills where it is covered in thin layers soil and then compacted. More
layers of garbage are then added over time. This disposal method can cause a
number of unpleasant environmental impacts such as water pollution, gas and
Incineration or thermal treatment
Incineration is the second largest method for refuse disposal. At times it's
referred to as thermal treatment since it involves burning of waste materials
and converting them into heat, steam, gas and ash. Sometimes this method is
controversial due to the issues of evident harmful gaseous emissions.
Nonetheless, it is considered to be a highly effective method of disposing
certain hazardous waste. One benefit of using this disposal method is that it
reduces the usage of land significantly. A thermal treatment facility can be
built on a small piece of land thus saving a lot of space - this comes in handy
especially where space is limited.
Recycling plays a crucial role in waste disposal. It is a practice that involves
the collection and reuse of waste materials. The practice is a modern concept of
waste management philosophy that eliminates the need to use other garbage
disposal methods. The recycling process offers a waste management solution that
generates clean, renewable energy. It's an eco-friendly disposal option that
industries should consider putting into practice.
The future of waste
These are but a few refuse disposal methods. There are other complex methods
that are being used today to get rid of waste. But currently, the most effective
way to minimize the amount of industrial and residential waste is to prevent its
formation. Industries should optimize their strategies to avoid production of
unnecessary waste and focus more on the manufacture of recycled products. This
is the only way to provide a good environment for healthy living.